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India After Independence Timeline: Notes for UPSC History PDF, 75 Years Of India’s Independence: Post August 15 1947 Journey, Historic Events, Achievements & Milestones.
The 70th Anniversary Of Indian Independence Was Recently Observed. Indian History Is A Significant Subject In The Upsc Ias Exam. The Upsc Ias Test Is All On Diligent Study And Hard Effort. You May Pass This Test With Ease If You Have The Proper Approach. On August 15, India Will Celebrate Its 70th Year Of Independence, Marking The End Of British Colonial Control In 1947.
We Would Like To Provide Some Simple Capsules For Retention To Spice Up Your Upsc Prelims Preparation. Here Is A Chronology Of India’s Post-independence History. The Prelims Test Includes A Significant Portion On Modern History. You May Use This Timeline To Learn Politics, History, And Even Certain Economic Topics.
Major Events in India After Independence (1947 – 2020)
|1947||India became an independent nation|
|1947||Integration of princely states | Jawaharlal Nehru- first Prime Minister of Independent India|
|1948||The assassination of Mahatma Gandhi | India Pakistan war on Kashmir territory|
|1949||The new constitution is adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly.|
|1950||India becomes a Republic | The Constitution of India comes into force|
|1951||First amendment | First five-year plan. Read more on Economic Planning in India and Important Amendments in the Indian Constitution on the given links.|
|1952||First general election | Panchayati Raj|
|1954||Indo-Chinese Panchsheel Treaty|
|1955||The Imperial Bank of India transformed into the State Bank of India. Check out the History of Banking in India here.|
|1958||Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act is passed. Read in detail about Armed Forces Special Powers Act – AFSPA|
|1961||Indian troops annexed the Portuguese territories of Goa, Daman, and Diu. Read, Goa Was Annexed on December 18, 1961, on the linked page.|
|1962||The Sino-Indian war breaks out. It ends in a decisive victory for China|
|1965||India – Pakistan war breaks out. The war ends in a stalemate with both sides claiming victory | Hindi becomes the official language of India. Check out the following links with reference to this point – Adoption of Hindi – Background10 interesting Facts about Hindi LanguageIndia -Pakistan RelationsSecond Indo – Pak War|
|1969||Nationalization of Banks. Check out the Types of Banks in India, their category, and Functions on the linked page.|
|1971||India-Pakistan war and the liberation of Bangladesh | Simla Agreement Signed on July 2nd|
|1973||1st international telephone exchange in India|
|1974||First nuclear test at Pokhran. Important links related to Pokhran Nuclear Test is given below – “Smiling Buddha” – Pokhran I Nuclear TestPokhran II: Origins, Events and Aftermath|
|1975||State of emergency | Launch of India’s first satellite, Aryabhatta. Read about India’s First Indigenously built satellite- Aryabhatta here. Also, check out the list of Indian Satellites (1975 – 2021) on the linked page.|
|1980||20 point program|
|1984||The assassination of Indira Gandhi | Bhopal gas tragedy|
|1988||Securities Exchange Board of India was established|
|1991||Economic reforms | Devaluation. Read about Undervaluation of Currency on the given link.|
|1999||Kargil war. Decisive Indian Armed Forces victory. Go through the following links for further information – Kargil War BackgroundIndia’s Victory in Kargil War|
|2000||Creation of new states of Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, and Uttranchal. Check out the Union and Its Territories and Jharkhand Area Autonomous Council (JAAC) on the given links.|
|2001||Earthquake strikes Gujarat leading to massive casualties|
|2004||Launches an application for a permanent seat on the UN Security Council|
|2004||Tsunami causes massive devastation around the Southern and Eastern coasts of India. Read more on Coastal Plains in India on the link provided.|
|2006||US and India sign a nuclear agreement. Refer the following links for further details –Indo-US Civil Nuclear DealThe 123 Agreement between India and the USIndia – United States Relations|
|2007||First women President-Pratibha Patil. Check out the list of India Presidents (1951 to 2021) and President of India (Article 52 – 62) on the linked page.|
|2008||Moon mission-Chandrayaan-1 launched on October 22. Also read about Chandrayaan 2 Mission on the given link.|
|2013||Mars Orbiter Mission|
|2015||India and Bangladesh sign a historic deal | First space laboratory Astrosat. Check out the relevant links related to mentioned points – India – Bangladesh RelationsAstrosat – ISRO | India’s First Multi Wavelength Space|
|2016||India- France to buy 36 Rafale fighter jets| India becomes a member of MCTR. Go through the relevant links below – India – France RelationDassault Rafale Fighter JetTejas, Rafale, Sukhoi-30 – Fighter AircraftsMissile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)|
|2017||Goods and Service Tax implemented|
|2018||Heavy rainfall causes a massive flood in the state of Kerala. It is the worst flood to hit the state in a century. Visit the important links for preparation – What are Floods?Floods in India – Causes, Economic Loss, MeasuresFlood Control and Management|
|2019||The scrapping of Article 370 and 35A, which granted special status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir.|
|2020||The Government of India announced a total lockdown of the country on March 25th following a surge in Covid-19 cases in the preceding weeks. The World Health Organisation (WHO) declaring Covid-19 as a global pandemic was also one of the factors behind the decision to impose a country-wide lockdown|
India’s Development After August 15th, 1947, Has Become A Prime Illustration Of A Remarkable Growth Tale. The Journey Demonstrates India’s Growth In A Variety Of Areas, Including Agricultural Production, Nuclear And Space Technology, World-class Educational Institutions, Ayurveda, Biotechnology, Giant Steel Plants, And Becoming A Global Leader In Information Technology, As Well As Having The Third-largest Start-up Ecosystem In The World.
India Became Independent From British Rule On August 15, 1947. On August 14, 1947, Just Before The Clock Struck Twelve, Our First Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, Gave The Renowned “Tryst With Destiny” Address To The Indian Constituent Assembly At The Parliament. The Indian National Flag Was Raised Over The Lahori Gate Of The Red Fort In Delhi By Pandit Nehru On August 15.
The Indian Constituent Assembly Ratified The Constitution On November 26, 1949. Later, On January 26, 1950, The Indian Constitution Went Into Force. The Dominion Of India Became The Republic Of India When The Constitution Of India Took The Place Of The Government Of India Act 1935 As The Primary Law Governing The Nation. The Indian Constitution Is The Country’s Highest Law. On January 26th Of Each Year, India Celebrates Its Republic Day.
In 1951, Jawaharlal Nehru, Our First Prime Minister, Presented The First Five-year Plan To The Indian Parliament. The Harrod-domar Model, With A Few Adjustments, Served As The Foundation For The First Five-year Plan, Which Concentrated Primarily On The Growth Of The Primary Sector. Agricultural Growth Served As The First Five-year Plan’s Guiding Principle. The Major Goal Was To Find Solutions To The Many Issues That The Nation’s Division Had Created. The Goal Of This Strategy Was To Rebuild The Nation After Independence.
India Conducted General Elections From October 25, 1951, To February 21, 1952. These Were The First Lok Sabha Elections Held After The Country’s Independence In August 1947. On May 13, 1952, This Lok Sabha’s First Session Officially Began. There Were 489 Seats In The Lok Sabha Overall, And 17.3 Crore People Were Eligible To Vote. 364 Seats Were Won By The Indian National Congress (Inc). The First Lok Sabha Was Dissolved On April 4, 1957, After Serving Its Entire Five-year Term. First Indian Prime Minister To Be Chosen Democratically Was Jawaharlal Nehru.
Nine Airlines—air India, Air Services Of India, Airways (India), Bharat Airways, Deccan Airways, Himalayan Aviation, Indian National Airways, Kalinga Airlines, And Air India International—were Nationalised By Nehru Under The Air Corporations Act Of 1953 And Placed Under The Control Of Two Pses, Indian Airlines And Air India International.
The Panchsheel, Or Five Principles Of Peaceful Coexistence, Were First Formally Stated In The Trade And Intercourse Agreement Between Tibet-area China And India, Which Was Signed On April 29, 1954. The Preamble Of The Agreement Stated That The Two Governments “Have Resolved To Enter Into The Present Agreement Based On The Following Principles: –
Mutual Non-aggression, Mutual Non-interference, Equality And Mutual Gain, And Peaceful Coexistence Are All Principles That Must Be Shared Between Two Nations.
The State Bank Of India Was Established On July 1st, 1955. In 1955, The Indian Government Nationalised The Imperial Bank Of India, Changing The Bank’s Name To State Bank Of India And Giving The Reserve Bank Of India A 60% Ownership Interest.
On April 1, 1957, 10 Years After Gaining Independence From The British, Indian Coins Became Decimal. In September 1955, The Indian Coinage Act Was Revised To Include The Decimal System. A Circular From The Comptroller And Auditor-general Of India Said, “Government Accounting With Effect From April 1, 1957 Is To Be Maintained In Terms Of Rupees And Naye Paise Instead Of Rupees, Annas, And Pies,” In April 1956, After The Modified Act Became Law. Therefore, All Challans Supporting Funds Submitted For Payment Of Government Dues Must Be Represented In The New Currency. All Withdrawal Bills Must Be Represented In Terms Of Rupees And Naye Paise, Too.
Norman Borlaug Started The Green Revolution Movement In The 1960s. He Is Referred To As The “Father Of The Green Revolution” Globally. For His Efforts In Creating High Yielding Varieties (Hyvs) Of Wheat, It Resulted In His Being Awarded The Nobel Peace Prize In 1970.
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